THE SCIENTIFIC JOURNAL ON THEORY AND PRACTICE OF LIBRARIANSHIP
ISSN 2217-5563
 

Novi broj


Ana Savić
Narodna biblioteka Srbije, Beograd
ana.savic@nb.rs


New International Cataloguing Code or Toward an Abstract Cataloguing


Summary
During more than three decades of using the internationally accepted cataloguing code AACR2, there was a number of revisions and amendments to these regulations, with the aim of reorganization and simplification of the rules. The need of revising the regulations is due to technical and technological developments, changes that occurred in the field of publishing industry and the particular difficulties that caused all of this. Efficiency and economy have begun to gain in importance. We should not omit the fact that the development of cataloguing thoughts moved rapidly toward abstraction. After the International Conference on Principles and Future Development of AACR held in Toronto in 1997 the prevailing attitude was that problems and issues discussed at the conference could not be solved by publishing the third edition of AACR, but that a new catalog code was needed. This view was supported by the IFLA study Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR). Resource Description and Access (RDA) was developed by the Joint Steering Committee for Development of RDA, as a part of its strategic plan 2005-2009. RDA was developed to replace the second, revised edition of the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, published in 1978. It provides a set of rules and guidelines that should enable resource discovery. New cataloguing code should achieve the following objectives:

  • to provide a consistent, flexible and suitable for amendments framework covering all types of sources and all types of content;
  • to be compatible with internationally accepted principles and standards;
  • to be applicable primarily within the library community and to be used by other information community;
  • to allow users to find, identify, select and obtain a source that meets their information needs;
  • to be compatible with bibliographic description and access points in existing catalogs and bibliographic databases;
  • to be developed independently of format, media or systems used to store and exchange data;
  • to be able to adapt to the new database structures that are developing;
  • to be used as an online tool;
  • to be written in plain English and can be used in other language communities;
  • to be simple and efficient to use, both during the work and learning.


Keywords:
RDA, AACR, cataloguing, cataloguing code, bibliographic description, bibliographic resource, search, FRBR, IFLA



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